Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . Los Hijos de la Malinche Octavio Paz (Fragmento de “El Laberinto de la Soledad “). all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria Anzaldúa.

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True or not, the incident reveals the inexorable rigor with which the logic of the absurd is introduced into life. He opens the world; in doing so, he rips and tears it, and this violence provokes a great, sinister laugh. Guadalupe is pure receptivity, and the benefits she bestows are of the same order: Her passivity is abject: Nosotros, en cambio, luchamos con entidades imaginarias, vestigios del pasado o fantasmas engendrados por nosotros mismos. He becomes the son of Nothingness. Solitude, the source of anxiety, begins on the day we are deprived of maternal protection and fall into a strange and hostile world.

The European considers Mexico to be a country on the margin of universal history, and everything that is distant from the center of his society strikes him as strange and impenetrable. If our Independence movement cut the ties that bound us to Spain, the Reform movement denied that the Mexican nation as a historical project should perpetuate the colonial tradition. All men are born disinherited and their true condition is orphanhood, but this is particularly true among the Indians and the poor in Mexico.

He relates its origins to the Conquest by the Spaniard and the submission of Indian women, represented by Malinche. The Reform movement is the great rupture with the Mother. From the chapter “The Conquest and Colonialism” onwards, Paz makes a detailed analysis of Mexican history beginning with a look at the Pre-Columbian culture and in particular octvio on the Revolt.

Slaves, servants and submerged races always wear a mask, whether smiling or sullen. Our shout strips us naked and discloses the wound that we alternately flaunt and conceal, but it does not show us the causes of this separation from, and negation of, the Mother, not even malincche we recognize that such a rupture has occurred.


The Mexican, like all men, converts these circumstances into plastic material. On the other hand, there is profound devotion to Christ as the Son of God, as the youthful God, above all as the victimized Redeemer. pz

The Chingada is even more passive. Later these fragments are organized and converted into political theories, which become absolute truths for the masses. Others reflect our current problems, but in an indirect manner, concealing or distorting their true nature. These feelings are common to all men and there is nothing specifically Mexican in them. The world of terrorism, like that of mass production, is a world of things, of utensils.

In Spain chingar means to drink a great deal, to get drunk. The Virgin is the consolation of the poor, the shield of the weak, the help of the oppressed. And they are not merely the result of other events, but rather of a single will that is capable, within certain limits, of ruling their outcome.

It is noteworthy that our images of the working class are not colored with similar feelings, even though the worker also lives apart from the center of society, physically as well as otherwise, in districts and special communities.

It is an attitude that goes beyond historical circumstances, although it makes use of them to manifest itself and is modified by contact with them. En casi codas panes chingarse es salir burlado, fracasar. In almost every culture the goddesses of creation are also goddesses of destruction. In some parts of South America chingar means to molest, to censure, to ridicule.

Finally, there is no especial veneration for God the Father in the Trinity. This phenomenon ooctavio a return to the maternal womb, so well known to the psychologist, is without doubt one of the determining causes of the swift popularity of the cult of the Virgin.

And be does not affirm himself as a mixture, but rather as an abstraction: A psychologist would say that resentment is the basis of his character.

Treachery, loyalty, crime and love hide out in the depths of our glance. En cierto sentido todos somos, por el solo hecho de nacer de mujer, hijos de la Chingada, hijos de la Chingada, hijos de Eva.


Is it not extraordinary that the effects persist after the causes have disappeared? This attitude is revealed not only in our daily maljnche but also in the course of our history, which at certain moments has been the embodiment of a will to eradicate all that has gone before. We must confront them ourselves. The humor of the macho is an act of octavil.

Cuando algo se rompe; decimos: We reveal ourselves as we really are.

The Labyrinth of Solitude – Wikipedia

If we ask about the third figure of the triad, the Mother, we hear a double answer. In order to embody oxtavio virtues he creates characters who belong to ancient or non-European races, or he invents the figure of Mellors the gamekeeper, a son of the earth.

His nature — if that word can be used in reference to man, who has ‘invented’ himself by saying ‘no’ to nature — consists of his longing to realize himself in another. In Mexico the word has innumerable meanings. El conocimiento que no poseeremos nunca, la suma de nuestra definitiva ignorancia: The Catholic Virgin is also the Mother some Indian pilgrims still call her Guadalupe-Tonantzinbut her principal attribute is not to watch over the fertility of the earth but to provide refuge for the unfortunate.

His major criticism is that to be an intellectual it is necessary to distance oneself from the subject that you are studying so that the argument remains critical yet rational and objective. The cult of the Virgin reflects not only the general condition of man but also a concrete historical situation, in both the spiritual and material realms.

In his analysis, he expresses how the humanists take a primary role as the intellectuals of the country.

Everyone becomes an accomplice and the guilt feelings spread through the whole society. That is why the feeling of orphanhood malincge the constant background of our political endeavors and our personal conflicts.